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Operation Sealion   >   Facts

   
 

Operation Sealion Facts


Here are some key facts about Operation Sealion:
  1. Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe) was the name of the German plan to invade Great Britain in 1940.

  2. The Germans planned to land on a broad front on the English Channel, using two Army Groups.

  3. Before the invasion could commence, the Germans considered it essential that their airforce, the Luftwaffe achieve air superiority over the battlefield. This was so that they could stop the British Royal Air Force and Royal Navy interfering with the invasion fleet, and so that the Luftwaffe would be free to act as "airborne artillery" in support of the German ground troops.

  4. The main role of the German Navy, the Kriegsmarine, would have been to ferry German troops to England, and to resupply them once ashore.

  5. The Kriegsmarine lacked specialized amphibious landing craft, and had to improvise landing craft by modifying barges.

  6. The Kriegsmarine was vastly outmatched by the British Royal Navy.

  7. The Germans postponed (effectively cancelled) the invasion after it become clear in the Battle of Britain that they could not gain air superiority over the British Isles.

  8. Even if the Germans had gone ahead with air superiority, the Germans would have faced many major obstacles, which could have led to failure or even disaster.

  9. In 1941, the Germans attacked Russia in Operation Barbarossa. The Germans pretended to revive Operation Sealion as part of their deception plan for Operation Barbarossa.

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